Orthotics is an orthopedic specialty that focuses on the development and use of orthotics. An orthotic is “a manually applied structure, which tends to change the skeletal and musculoskeletal system’s functional and structural features. It is usually recommended for patients with extreme conditions of movement restriction or deformity of the musculoskeletal system. However, orthotics do not have a curative effect when the patient has muscular-skeletal issues and deformities. It is also used for improving function in situations when other treatments are inappropriate or clinically ineffective.”
There are three different orthotics types; the first orthotics used for patients with foot and ankle problems are orthotic shoes. These orthotics consist of insoles, cushions, and heel cups. Orthotic insoles are used to absorb shock and pressure from the foot while the cushions and heel cups provide cushioning for the arch and lower body. Some orthotics have a medial post to assist in relieving pain for people with diabetic foot problems. Cushion orthotics are used for individuals that are at greater risk for back injuries. They are usually prescribed for pregnant women, those with chronic foot conditions, and individuals suffering from arches, high foot arches, or flat feet.
Another group of Orthotics Adelaide is called stability feet. They are specifically designed for individuals who experience various foot deformities, including hammertoes, small toenail, high arched feet, and significant toe malformations. Bunions typically occur when one big toe rolls inwards or outwards to become bent in a way that causes pain and discomfort. Orthotic devices are used to correct bunions in the upper and middle parts of the foot.
Another group of orthotics that are used for foot and lower back pain relief include internal haemorrhoids. Internal haemorrhoids occur when the veins in the anus and rectum become inflamed due to straining. It can occur as a result of pregnancy, obesity, aging, or constipation. Orthotics can be used to treat internal haemorrhoids to decrease the frequency and severity of itching, pain, and bleeding associated with them.
Foot orthotics are also commonly referred to as shoe orthotics. Shoe orthotics are specially designed orthotics built to fit into shoes to provide maximum comfort and support for people going through footwear therapy. These special orthotics are made of soft polymers that mould your feet’ shape and reduce the stress and pressure placed on your feet. The purpose of this orthotic therapy is to help people regain their normal range of motion and prevent the development of permanent damage to the ligaments, tendons, and muscles of the feet. When you follow a treatment plan involving orthotics, your pain and discomfort will be reduced.
Podiatrists have studied and are skilled at creating a treatment plan for foot pain and discomfort. A podiatrist will evaluate your gait, or how your foot moves in response to your body weight and other forces. This assessment determines the most appropriate Orthotics Adelaide for your particular case. Some of the things a podiatrist will do when determining your gait type include using diagnostic equipment, such as a computerized tomography scan, to see where your foot bones are in your foot structure. These tests can also help the podiatrist determine if you have any fractures in your foot structure, leading to more appropriate orthotics.